9 August 2016
What kind of film can you make with an iPhone or iPad?
You can make pretty much any kind of film with an iOS device. But some kinds of film are easier than others.
The built-in mic isn’t great outdoors, so it’ll be easier to make a film that doesn’t rely on live sound unless you use a separate microphone.
You could make a digital story, where you start with a scripted voiceover which you illustrate with video clips or stills. You can record and edit your soundtrack in Garageband and then send it to iMovie.
You could use an interview or presentation to camera, and then overlay cutaways (so you see the presenter speaking, then you see clips of what they’re talking about).
This factual film intro is based on interviews and cutaways, and uses the Ken Burns effect. Play through to the second version for explanations of the techniques. There’s more detail here: Elements of a factual film.
Making your movie or video
Making an iPhone movie is like making any other kind of film. You need to plan it carefully, shoot separate shots, pay attention to sound, and think about your audience.
1 Plan your film
Think about why you’re making the film and what you want to say. Can you summarise your idea in a tweet? If not, you need to work on it more.
To plan, you could start with a mindmap and then make a shot list or storyboard, or you can write a script. Make sure you get enough shots to tell your story.
2 Get ready to shoot
Check the Settings to choose your recording quality. I usually shoot in 1080p HD even though my iPhone 6S can shoot 4K. But I use 4K when I want to be able to crop the image without losing quality.
Put your phone into Airplane mode to avoid distractions.
Hold your device horizontally (‘landscape’ format).
- Make sure the camera is in Video, not Photo mode.
- Keep the device still. Use a grip, tripod or stabiliser if you can. You could also rest your elbows on a table or the back of a chair, or lean against a wall.
- On an iPad, double-tap on the screen to see the full widescreen image (with black bars above and below).
- Don’t zoom the image as you’ll lose quality.
3 Check the sound
- Unless you have a separate microphone, you’ll only be able record speech well if the iPad is close to the sound. So you’ll need to shoot closeups.
- Film a bit then play it back (on headphones if possible). Does it sound OK?
4 Check the framing and camera position
- Check there’s nothing distracting in the background.
- If the shot is supposed to be a closeup, make sure it really is a closeup. My ABCDEF checklist will help you see if you’re ready to film.
Tip: Filming a piece to camera? Make sure your presenter is looking at the camera in the corner of the device – not the Apple logo in the middle – otherwise they’ll look shifty.
5 Get the exposure right
- Film away from the light if you can.
- Lock the exposure. Touch and hold on the important part of the image until AE/AF LOCK appears.
- Then stroke up or down on the line to the right of the box to make the image brighter or darker if necessary.
Tip: iPhone cameras can’t handle a lot of contrast. You can use an affordable, folding five-in-one reflector/diffuser to fill in the shadows and improve the quality of your film.
6 Film your shot
- Touch the red button once to start filming. It’ll turn to a square while you’re recording (above).
- Shoot at least ten seconds of each clip, or five seconds before and after any action.
- Touch the red button again to stop filming.
- Review your clips by tapping the picture icon that appears on the bottom right when the camera is paused. But don’t delete anything unless you’re sure it’s unusable.
Don’t use effects just for the sake of them. But you can use slow-motion to emphasise things or to analyse fast actions, for example a sports technique. It’s no good in low light, though, as it needs fast shutter speeds.
Timelapse can give life to static scenes such as cityscapes or landscapes with moving clouds. You’ll need to keep your device still on a tripod.
7 Get organised ready for editing
Use the Photos app to organise your clips into Albums before you start editing. This will make them easier to find, especially if you have a lot of video clips on your device.
8 Edit your clips with iMovie
If iMovie isn’t already installed, you can get it from the iTunes store.
Tap the ? symbol at the top of the screen to get tips that will help you find your way around the app.
Here’s a piece to camera with cutaways: you see the images on the track above the main clip, but you still hear the original audio.
iMovie lets you put clips in order, trim them, change the order, and voiceover, cutaways, titles and effects. You can also import music or edit your clips to a soundtrack.
iMovie also lets you add the Ken Burns effect to pan and zoom still images. This is a great way to give life to archive clips.
- Always rename your iMovie project – don’t just call it ‘My Movie 1, My Movie 24’…
- Always export a full quality version of your movie, however you’re planning to use it
- Don’t delete any of your clips or other media until you’re sure you’ve finished editing and you’ve safely exported your movies
I run one-day courses on iPhone/iPad filmmaking for organisations in the UK, including nonprofits, charities, research organisations, theatre companies, museums and local authorities.